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Drug-Free Workplace Policy and Program Template

Montana Drug Testing Laws and Regulations

State: Montana
Statute of Order: Mont. Code Ann. §39-2- 205 et seq.
Covered Employers: Public and private employers.
Applicant Testing: Testing authorized of applicants for intrastate motor carrier jobs, for jobs in hazardous environments, or jobs that primarily involve security, public safety, or fiduciary responsibility.
Employee Testing: Employee testing authorized, including random testing, on reasonable belief of job impairment, after work-related accident causing injury or damage of $1,500 or more, or as part of regular physical exam for employees of intrastate motor carriers. Disciplinary action authorized if employee presents no reasonable explanation for positive findings.
Conditions & Methods: Advance written notice of testing procedure, confirming test in case of positive findings, and opportunity for employee to rebut positive findings.
Important Bulletpoints:
  • Drug and alcohol testing required of employees are at the employer’s expense. Time attributable to the testing program is considered to be part of regular work hours and all employees must thus be compensated accordingly.
  • An employee in violation of the employer’s policy may be sanctioned appropriately and required to participate in a suitable drug and alcohol treatment or rehabilitation program as a condition for continued employment. In such cases, periodic follow up testing is allowed and may be required.
  • A positive test result must first be reviewed and certified by a medical review officer. A copy of the test report must be provided to the employee who shall be given the opportunity to rebut or explain the test results.
  • The employee may request for an additional confirmatory split-sample test conducted by an independent laboratory chosen by the employee. If the additional test comes up negative, the employer pays for the cost. Otherwise, the additional confirmatory test shall be at the expense of the employee.
  • Workers’ compensation benefits may be denied of an employee if the use of alcohol or drugs is the major cause of the workplace accident. However, if the employer had knowledge of the controlled substance use and failed to try and stop the employee’s use of alcohol or drugs, the ineligibility for benefits does not apply.
  • Medical Marijuana Law: A Medical Marijuana initiative vote expanded the restrictions on the use of Medical Marijuana per SB0423 on November 6, 2012. Reaffirmed SB0423 which was effective July 1, 2011.
    Applicability: Law applies to physicians, patients and caregivers
    Quantity Allowed: Less than or equal to 6 plants and/or 1oz of usable marijuana.
    How Obtained: Qualifying patient may grow Marijuana or designate a provider (limited to three patients).
    Liability Protections: Qualifying patients and caregivers – not subject to arrest, prosecution or penalization in any manner (this section requires review and interpretation relative to new qualifying patients). Marijuana growers may not accept anything of value in exchange for services and products. Local governments authorized to regulate Marijuana providers.
    Statutory Requirements for Authorized Use: Registry Card required. Patient must have written documentation from physician. Patients and physicians must register with the Montana Department of Health. Registration must be renewed annually.
    Montana Drug Testing Law:

    The State of Montana has very specific rules concerning drug and alcohol testing in the workplace. Montana drug testing and alcohol testing procedures are governed by the Montana Code § 39-2-205 and the federal government’s drug-free workplace program. The State of Montana encourages employers to maintain a drug-free workplace. Having a drug-free workplace does not only protect the business interest of the employers, it also protects the safety of the community. To be safe from any forms of claims charges and litigations, it is recommended that employers review all the laws about employment testing and pre-employment, labor codes, human rights and other such laws before implementing drug and alcohol testing.

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    Material on these pages (state drug testing laws and drug testing regulations) is provided for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, medical or technical advice. This drug testing related information is not intended as substitute for obtaining legal advice from attorney, or a relevant medical technical or financial professional. TestCountry is not a law firm or a legal agency, therefore cannot guarantee the accuracy of this content. Drug testing laws are collected from legal and/or state sources, and it may or may not be valid by the time you are viewing it. Any views or opinions expressed are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of Confirm Biosciences Inc. DBA TestCountry.


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